Examples of Tangut Cursive Characters

The table below lists examples of 107 Cursive Tangut characters found in various Tangut manuscripts (hover your mouse over the character image to see what the source for the image is), intended as a learning resource for myself and anyone else who wants to try to read cursive Tangut manuscripts.


Code Point Standard Glyph References Meaning Cursive Examples
17014 ๐—€” L0089
K4147
above
1701A ๐—€š L4507
K4872
to guide
1710B ๐—„‹ L0052
K2003
[transliteration:] ๅ…’
17149 ๐—…‰ L1906
K4386
a conjunction
1714B ๐—…‹ L1918
K4464
not
171CB ๐—‡‹ L3818
K1662
an auxiliary word
17258 ๐—‰˜ L1374
K1098
a pronoun
17263 ๐—‰ฃ L0797
K3888
scheme
172BB ๐—Šป L3772
K5234
sweat
172DA ๐—‹š L2590
K2434
a prefix means something is already done
172F3 ๐—‹ณ L3553
K3231
tube
1732D ๐—Œญ L1542
K1279
so
17357 ๐—— L1768
K0432
black, wu (ๆˆŠ)
1736B ๐—ซ L4027
K5330
two
173A9 ๐—Žฉ L3516
K1300
family
173C1 ๐— L1999
K4038
five
173E1 ๐—ก L2503
K2677
behind
17431 ๐—ฑ L4884
K4323
an auxiliary word
1744C ๐—‘Œ L4866
K4376
incomplete
17460 ๐—‘  L4950
K2928
and
17489 ๐—’‰ L5044
K2845
[transliteration:] ๅ‹ž
174B9 ๐—’น L4778
K3681
seven
174DA ๐—“š L4737
K4064
to apply
1757C ๐—•ผ L0731
K2049
to spread
1758E ๐—–Ž L0454
K2129
to judge
175B5 ๐—–ต L0433
K5422
a preposition
175E7 ๐——ง L5910
K4146
price
17626 ๐—˜ฆ L1058
K2998
[transliteration:] ๅพต
1762F ๐—˜ฏ L2536
K2647
a modal auxiliary
17708 ๐—œˆ L4401
K0315
to hold
1779E ๐—žž L4342
K3024
an auxiliary word
1786A ๐—กช L1290
K1658
limitation
178AD ๐—ขญ L3113
K4997
nine
178B8 ๐—ขธ L2246
K3559
mouth
178BC ๐—ขผ L3180
K1692
upright
17901 ๐—ค L3200
K1650
six
1790B ๐—ค‹ L2194
K0970
not
17912 ๐—ค’ L3305
K2320
year
1791B ๐—ค› L2649
K2241
[surname:] ้พ
17929 ๐—คฉ L3628
K3635
[surname:] ่ข, ๅ…ƒ
17943 ๐—ฅƒ L2205
K0224
four
17966 ๐—ฅฆ L2750
K3838
head
1796B ๐—ฅซ L3807
K1455
light
1797C ๐—ฅผ L3654
K1909
monk, a (้˜ฟ)
17987 ๐—ฆ‡ L2090
K3866
must
179B3 ๐—ฆณ L3266
K0198
host
17A48 ๐—ฉˆ L2805
K3640
to command
17AFB ๐—ซป L3099
K5763
to live
17B4A ๐—ญŠ L3989
K2455
an auxiliary word
17B6B ๐—ญซ L3870
K5334
[surname:] ๅ‘
17BFF ๐—ฏฟ L5659
K3027
luxuriant
17C13 ๐—ฐ“ L0491
K2764
how
17C14 ๐—ฐ” L0997
K1669
[surname:] ้…‰, ่—ฅ
17C17 ๐—ฐ— L1084
K3419
ten
17C2D ๐—ฐญ L1040
K3645
ten
17C39 ๐—ฐน L1476
K0314
[surname:] ๅทฆ
17CE9 ๐—ณฉ L1668
K4691
[surname:] ่จ›
17D46 ๐—ต† L0113
K0160
to accomplish
17D52 ๐—ต’ L0152
K1684
gold
17DC6 ๐—ท† L4489
K0734
to make
17E2E ๐—ธฎ L1293
K0199
host
17E39 ๐—ธน L0493
K2771
[surname:] ้ฎฎ
17E4F ๐—น L0473
K1149
evil
17F0D ๐—ผ L3435
K3388
god
17F28 ๐—ผจ L2339
K4451
[Tangut surname element]
17F6D ๐—ฝญ L3601
K4378
opening
17FBD ๐—พฝ L2451
K5388
to flee
17FE2 ๐—ฟข L2806
K3642
imperial edict
17FE6 ๐—ฟฆ L3334
K3397
female
18004 ๐˜€„ L4031
K0665
lucky
18086 ๐˜‚† L5815
K1381
also
180A4 ๐˜‚ค L5993
K1380
centre
180E1 ๐˜ƒก L5113
K1711
to do
18104 ๐˜„„ L1085
K3014
man
18134 ๐˜„ด L1319
K3140
to desire
1816B ๐˜…ซ L1736
K2505
to do
18184 ๐˜†„ L0724
K2231
and so on
18229 ๐˜ˆฉ L0100
K0223
one
1824B ๐˜‰‹ L4602
K3650
eight
18250 achievement L4587
K0693
๐˜‰
18251 ๐˜‰‘ L4574
K2064
he
18261 ๐˜‰ก L2596
K2028
power
18290 ๐˜Š L2219
K1829
respectfully
1829D ๐˜Š L2798
K3769
hundred
182B4 ๐˜Šด L3951
K1619
to talk
182B6 ๐˜Šถ L3894
K2904
aunt (father's sister) *
18386 ๐˜Ž† L4889
K4992
[an auxiliary word]
183E8 ๐˜จ L5655
K3390
treasure
18487 ๐˜’‡ L1526
K2648
to wait upon
1848F ๐˜’ L1531
K2842
army
184CA ๐˜“Š L0502
K2774
few
184EF ๐˜“ฏ L1105
K3147
to give
1852E ๐˜”ฎ L0981
K4969
wealth
1853C ๐˜”ผ L2484
K2698
cause
18555 ๐˜•• L5865
K2527
three
18579 ๐˜•น L5093
K5125
[surname:] ่ถ™
1857F ๐˜•ฟ L5856
K4311
a preposition
18591 ๐˜–‘ L5643
K2511
not
1864C ๐˜™Œ L1326
K3048
an auxiliary word
18676 ๐˜™ถ L0624
K5582
long narrow strips
1868C ๐˜šŒ L4022
K4524
to stop
18747 ๐˜‡ L1281
K1629
gentle
1875A ๐˜š L5817
K5688
to steal
187B6 ๐˜žถ L5659
K3027
luxuriant
187BD ๐˜žฝ L0477
K2588
surname on mother's line
187DB ๐˜Ÿ› L4882
K5548
wisdom
187EA ๐˜Ÿช L4995
K1937
iron

* This example is joined to a following iteration mark ๐–ฟ .


I have augmented the above table with the cursive glyphs for sixty Tangut characters that are listed in the apppendix (pp. 87โ€“93) prepared by Ono Hiroko (ๅฐ้‡Ž่ฃ•ๅญ) in Prof. Arakawa Shintaro's 2016 study into Tangut cursive script:

These sixty characters are taken from manuscripts of Hร iniรกn XฤซnfวŽ ไบฅๅนดๆ–ฐๆณ• "New Law of the Year of the Pig" [IOM Inv. Nos. 6092, 5946, and 6549] held at the Institute of Oriental Studies in Russia. For all but one of these characters two cursive glyphforms are given.



Last modified: 2019-03-22.



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