|The Morrison Collection|
The main collection transferred from King's College London (KCL) to SOAS on its founding was the library of Oriental and African works of the Marsden Collection. However, amongst the other KCL books that were transferred to SOAS was the collection of Chinese books of Sir George Thomas Staunton (1781-1859).
George Thomas Staunton was born on May 26th 1781, son of Sir George Leonard Staunton (1737-1801) of Clydagh, Co. Galway. On his father's death he inherited the title of baronet.
Sir George Leonard Staunton was appointed Secretary to the first British embassy to China, led by Lord Macartney, that left England in 1792 and returned in 1794. On his return, Staunton produced the official account of embassy, An Authentic Account of An Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor of China (London : G. Nicol, 1797).
Staunton took his young son with him on the embassy, serving as page boy to Lord Macartney. On the voyage out to China, the young George Staunton studied the Chinese language under the tutorship of the embassy's two Chinese interpreters. When the embassy arrived at the Chinese court, and Lord Macartney was presented to the Qianlong Emperor, the emperor enquired whether any of the foreigners could speak Chinese, and on being informed that the page boy had gained some proficiency in the language, young Staunton was called forward for an interview with the emperor. The emperor was so pleased with the young man, that he took an embroidered purse from his girdle, and gave it to him as a token of his favour.
The young Staunton completed his education at Trinity College Cambridge, and then went to work for the East India Company in Canton.
In 1817 he returned to England, and settled in Hampshire, where he bought the estate of Leigh Park. From 1818 to 1854 he sat as a member of parliament for various south Hampshire constituencies.
He died in London on 10th August 1859.
Staunton donated his collection of Chinese books to the library of King's College in 1853.
Staunton's books were presumably transferred to SOAS, along with the other works in Oriental and African languages held by KCL, after the Great War. However, the books would seem to have been integrated into the main Chinese collection, and are not now readily identifiable.
Fortunately, a manuscript catalogue of the collection was made when the books were presented to KCL (perhaps made by Staunton himself). This brief catalogue in seven pages, entitled "Catalogue of Chinese printed Books & Manuscripts Presented to the Library of King's College by Sir George Staunton January 1853", was bound into the back of the 1827 printed catalogue of the Marsden Collection (SOAS callmark EC82.114). Arranged into the following ten subject areas, the catalogue lists a total of seventy-four books.
|行文語類||4||Phrases used in Elegant composition Explained|
|爾雅||2||Dictionary of Synonymes|
|爾雅||3||The same with comments on each|
|字類楆韻||2||Dictionary according to the radicals|
|增韻詩學||4||Dictionary of poetical phrases & rhymes|
|家庭講話||1||Domestic saying in Mandarin dialect|
|正音撮要||4||Handbook to the true sounds of the Mandarin for Canton men|
|康熙字典||32||The Imperial Dictionary of Kanghi|
|詩韻集成||5||Perfect Collection of poetical rhymes|
|分韻||1||Tonic dictionary for Canton|
|通鑑綱目||100||Complete mirror of History (Chinese) by Choo Hi & his disciples|
|三國志||20||History of the Three Kingdoms|
|書經體註||4||Shoo King - The ancient historical classic with text & commentary|
|監本書經||4||Another edition of the Shoo King|
|古文析義||16||Ancient literature - historical fragments|
|楚辭燈||2||Fragments of Chinese History|
|宜榢堂叢書||64||Selection of the Ika Hall - Mathematics, History - Essays|
|東華錄||12||Annals of the Manchoos|
|瀛環志畧||6||Geography by the Lieut. Gov. of Fokien|
|高厚蒙求||5||Researches in Astronomy &|
|畫舫錄||6||Descriptions with cuts|
|東西洋考||6||Examinations into Foreign affairs|
|川沙撫民廳志||4||Tsoong ming Isd. & the mouth of the yang tsz kiang River|
|山海經||6||Natural History & fables|
|陽湖縣志||32||Topography of a Province|
|海島算經||1||Three small works on Arithmetic|
|遠西奇器圖說||2||Wonderful machinery of the Far West by the Jesuits A.D. 1624 Diag. & Expl.|
|古算經表||1||Ancient modes of reckoning - peculiar notation|
|藝游錄||4||Contains an account of native & Indian arithmetic, Extraction of the Square root|
|幾何原本||3 parts||Translation of the 1st 6 books of Euclid by Matthew Ricci the Jesuit|
|四書合講||6||The "Four Books" Chinese Classics by Tsang tsz, Confucius & Mencius (3 Commentaries)|
|四書補註||5||Another Edition (2 Comms.)|
|四書便蒙||10||Another Edition printed with Commentary (Commentary of Choo Hi)|
|四書離句||12||Another Edition with printed - [Commentary]|
|性理精義||4||Doctrine of nature printed with Commentary|
|明心寶鑑||1||Collection of moral sentences from the classics|
|寶家傳||32||The "Family Jewels" exhortations to filial piety|
|莊子因||6||The works of Tsang tsz, a celebrated philosopher|
|易經備旨||5||The Yih king Book of changes|
|糿學須知||4||Youthful Learning with Commentary|
|廣訓衍||2||The Sacred Edicts|
|會元千字文||1||The Thousand character classic|
|千字文註||1||The same with Commentary|
|三字經||1||The trimetrical Classic with Commentary|
|萬物真原||1||The true origin of all things by a [Rom...]|
|國朝三槎風雅||4||Selections of national poetry|
|千字詩||2||Small collection for Schools|
|唐詩註||5||The poetry of the Tang Dynasty with full commentary|
|詩經備旨||4||The Poetical classic|
|四家詩鈔||5||The Four Poets, Soo toong poo &c.|
|鳳閣新裁||4||Selection of poetry, new edition|
|聊齋志異||16||The Pastimes of Study - Fairy tales|
|紅樓夢||20||The Dreams of the Red Chamber|
|三國志||20||History of the three kingdoms|
|好逑傳||8||The Fortunate Union|
|唐演傳||12||Legends of the Tang Dyn.|
|今古奇觀||8||Wonders of ancient & modern times|
|增訂敬信錄||1||The Religious worship of the Buddhists|
|神仙通鑑||24||Encyclopedia of Chinese mythology|
|本草備要||4||Account of Herbs & minerals|
|蹶張心法||1||The science of the sword & bow|
|芥子園畫傳||5||Manual of Drawing with illustrations|
|策學纂要||6||Introduction to the classics|
|分類詳註尺牘||6||Treasury of Ceremony|
|孔子家語||2||Domestic sayings of Confucius|
|百一鈔||1||A hundred & one notes on various subjects|
|切問齋文鈔||10||Extracts from the best authors on variety of subjects|
|文房肆攷||4||The implements of the study, Ink, stone, pencil, paper|
|平平錄||3||Notices on a variety of things, names &c.|
|天后經懺||1||Prayers & Penances to the Queen of Heaven the Holy mother|
|上海同仁堂||1||Report of Native hospital Shanghai|
|陽宅三要||2||On casting nativities|