600 Phrases in the Liangshan Yi Dialect

Lesson 2 : At Work


New Vocabulary

  1. nyip : two
  2. ꑘꁨ nyop bbop : work
  3. ꎹꑼ shep yuop : commune member [Chinese shèyuán 社员]
  4. ꄐꍈ dop zha : team leader [Chinese duìzhăng 队长]
  5. ngop : we, us
  6. ꀃꑍ ip nyip : today
  7. xix : what ?
  8. mu : to do
  9. ꃅꅍ mu ddu : task, job
  10. li : [verb-forming particle]
  11. sat : finish, end, complete
  12. ap : not [negative particle]
  13. hxit : to be able to, can
  14. co : person
  15. sy : still, yet
  16. ꀉꑌ ax nyi : many
  17. ꈮꁁ ggurx pa : half
  18. su : [genitive particle]
  19. ox : [particle indicating completion of verbal action]
  20. ꀁꑌ ix nyi : few
  21. ꑍꇯ nyip gex : a little
  22. ꀉꄂ ax di : only, just
  23. ꅫꃀꌱꃀ hnip mop ssat mop : women
  24. xi : to arrive
  25. go : [locative pronoun]
  26. bbop : please
  27. hxip : to speak
  28. ꋍꈨ cyp gge : some
  29. ꃄꂿ mux mo : to plough
  30. ꃅꊨ mu zyt : to dig
  31. ꑭꀵ xy byp : to carry fertiliser
  32. ꉐꀖ hxa bit : vegetables
  33. zy : to plant
  34. ꑸꑽ yiep yot : potato [Chinese yángyù 洋芋]
  35. ꈀꄸꑌ kax ddi nyi : everyone
  36. ꀋꃋ ap my : now
  37. jjo : to have
  38. ssox : must












Commume Member : What are we doing today ?

Team Leader : There are many things to be done. Has everyone arrived yet ?

Commume Member : Not everyone has arrived yet.

Commume Member : Most have arrived, but there are still a few to come.

Team Leader : Have the women arrived yet ?

Commume Member : The women have also arrived.

Commume Member : Everyone has arrived now, please continue.

Team Leader : Some of you go to plough the fields; some of you go to dig the ground; some of you go to carry fertiliser; some of you go to plant vegetables; and some of you go to plant potatoes.

Commume Member : Let's go ! Now that everyone has a job to do, we should set off to work.


1. ꃅꅍ (mu ddu) : (ddu) can be appended to many verbs to form nouns that represent the object of the associated verb's action. For example :

2. ꌐꀋꉆ (sat ap hxit) : Literally "unable to complete, unfinishable", here used figuratively to mean "very many".

3. ꇁꌐꀕ (la sat w) : The final syllable is duplicated to form the interrogative. Cf. Lesson 1 Note 2.

4. (gox) : When two syllables in the Mid Level tone (unmarked tone) follow one another, the first syllable usually mutates to a Secondary High tone (marked by final "x").

5. (go) : (go) acts as a locative pronoun, standing for the place under discussion. The actual place that (go) stands for depends on context, in this case "here".

6. ꁨꉉ (bbop hxip) : (bbop) means "please". It cannot be used in isolation, but must always be prefixed to a verb, for example :

7. ꑸꑽꊪ (yiep yot zy) : Note the word order in this and the preceding verb-noun phrases. In Yi, the object of a verb always precedes its verb, so, for example :

8. (yie) : See Lesson 1 Note 7.

9. ꁧꌶ (bbo ssox) : (ssox) "must" is an auxiliary verb. In Yi, auxiliary verbs always follow the main verb, so, for example :

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