600 Phrases in the Liangshan Yi Dialect

Lesson 9 : Agricultural Tools and Household Implements


New Vocabulary

  1. ggu : nine
  2. ꊨꅍꎸꉘ zyt ddu she hxo : agricultural implement
  3. ꎊꈬꂷꇁ rru ggu ma la : household implements, thing
  4. ꊨꃀ zyt mop : hoe
  5. ꇇꈡ lot gguop : iron-toothed rake
  6. ꌩꈪ syr ggut : plough
  7. ꇁꄉ la da : yoke (for oxen)
  8. mix : [grammatical particle indicating a rhetorical question]
  9. ꉊꈯ hxiet ggur : sickle
  10. ꆚꈈ hlip ko : flail
  11. ꑶꌩ yiex syr : broom
  12. ꅅꃅ ddox mu : knife
  13. ꃤꃀ vi mop : axe
  14. yip : [grammatical particle indicating affirmation]
  15. ꌬꀮꌬꀏ ssi bu ssiot : utensil
  16. ꉽꐯ hex jjy : cooking pot, wok
  17. ꈂꑷ kap yie : pot lid
  18. ꏫꑷ juop yie : pot lid
  19. ꑊꑌ nyit nyi : rice steamer
  20. xip : etc.
  21. ꋍꈭꐨ cyp ggup jjux : in addition
  22. ꀀꍹ it chyp : lacquered wooden spoon (used for drinking soup)
  23. ꈓꋦ kur zzur : lacquered wooden bowl (used for holding vegetables or rice)
  24. ꇓꍔ lur zhep : bowl
  25. ꀗꊪ bix zy : cup
  26. ꇊꃀ lop mop : grinder
  27. ꐂꇓ qie lur : grinding stone
  28. ꄁꀺ dix pi : mortar
  29. ꄃꌤ dip syt : pestle
  30. ꇮꃀ get mop : large cupboard
  31. ꇮꌺ get sse : small cupboard
  32. ꒈꀮ yyx bu : bucket, pail
  33. ꃭꇇ vap lot : laddle
  34. ꎴꁧ sho bbo : rain cape (made out of straw or palm bark)
  35. ꆫꁯ hlut bbup : conical bamboo hat
  36. ꋍꑠ cyp xip : and so on and so forth
  37. a : ah! [interjection]
  38. ꁨꅍ bbop ddu :property
  39. dop : to be able to


















Muxqie : What sorts of agricultural implements do you have where you come from ?

Latti : There are hoes and there are iron-toothed rakes.

Muxqie : Are there ploughs and yokes ?

Latti : Yes. If there weren't any ploughs and yokes, then what would we use to plough the fields ?

Muxqie : Are there sickles ?

Latti : There are also sickles.

Muxqie : Are there flails and brooms ?

Latti : We've got all these things.

Muxqie : I suppose you've got knives and axes as well.

Latti : Yep, we've got them.

Muxqie : What sorts of household utensils do you have ?

Latti : We have cooking pots, pot lids, rice steamers, etc.

Latti : In addition to these we have wooden spoons, wooden bowls, bowls, cups, grinders, grinding stones, mortars, pestles, large cupboards, small cupboards, buckets, laddles, rain capes, bamboo hats, and so on and so forth.

Muxqie : Ah, your houses are filled with property.

Latti : That's true, there's too much to able to list them all.


1. ꇇꈡ (lot gguop) : According to the Yi-Chinese Dictionary 彝汉词典 the first syllable (meaning "hand") in this and other similar words (e.g. ꇇꅖ (lot ndie) "dexterous") should be pronounced (lot). However, in reality it is pronounced (luot), and words such as ꇇꈡ (lot gguop) "iron-toothed rake" and ꇇꅖ (lot ndie) "dexterous" may also be written ꇃꈡ (luot gguop) and ꇃꅖ (luot ndie) respectively.

2. (mix) : This is a particle used to indicate a rhetorical question, so for example :

3. (yip) : This is a particle used to emphasise the truth of what is being said, so for example :

4. (dop) : (dop) and (dox) are both auxiliary verbs meaning "to be able to [do something]". The former is used in negative constructs and in positive constructs after syllales in the high tone, whereas the latter is used in positive constructs after syllables in the mid level tone or low falling tone, for example :

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