600 Phrases in the Liangshan Yi Dialect

Lesson 4 : Family Circumstances (Part 2)


New Vocabulary

  1. ꇭꀧ gop bo : body, health
  2. vat : good, well
  3. ꋍꑊ cyp nyit : the two of them
  4. ꐯꇯ jjy gex : all, both, together
  5. jjy : very
  6. ꄡꇗ tat lyp : still
  7. dox : is able to
  8. ꑴꌦ yip sy : still
  9. ꂘꃀ hmat mop : teacher
  10. ꇪꎹ got shep : commune [Chinese gōngshè 公社]
  11. go : in, inside
  12. da : at, in
  13. ꑘꁨꊖꑣ nyop bbop za xie : to work, produce
  14. ꇿꇬ kat go : where ?
  15. jjo : to be (somewhere)
  16. ꇔꇷ lyt gur : worker
  17. ꆿꈌ lat ke : Lake 拉克 [a place name]
  18. ꍰꄖ chep du : Chengdu 成都 [the capital of Sichuan province]
  19. ꄯꒉ tep yy : book
  20. bi : to read
  21. cy : he, him
  22. ꀄꊭ iet zyr : small
  23. ꌶꅉ ssox dde : school
  24. ꄊꄐ dap dop : production brigade [Chinese dà duì 大队]
  25. ꈅꏹ kuop jyp : accountant [Chinese kuàijì 会计]
  26. ꋠꅍ zze ddu : food
  27. ꈚꅍ ggat ddu : clothing
  28. ꈍꃅꐙ kep mu jjix : how is it ? how are things ?
  29. ꀋꃉ ap myt : now
  30. ne : [particle]
  31. nbop : good
  32. ꀊꁪ a bbe : ah [interjection]
  33. ꐥꌒ jjo sa : lucky
  34. ꅊꇈ ddep lox : [particle]
  35. xip : thus, so
  36. ꐥꌒꄻꌒ jjo sa ddie sa : happy and prosperous
  37. sy : to die
  38. ꄉꏽ da qix : almost

















Mujy : How are your grandfather and grandmother ?

Muxjie : They are both quite healthy, and are still able to work.

Mujy : What do your father and mother do ?

Muxjie : As to my father, he is a teacher. As to my mother, she works in a commune.

Mujy : Where are your elder and younger brothers ?

Muxjie : My elder brother is a worker, who is currently living in Lake. My younger brother is studying in Chengdu.

Mujy : What does your sister do ?

Muxjie : She's still young, and is at school.

Mujy : What about yourself ?

Muxjie : I am the accountant in a production brigade.

Mujy : What's your life like ?

Muxjie : Nowadays we've got plenty of food to eat and also good clothes to wear.

Mujy : Aah, your family leads a really fortunate life !

Muxjie : That's right ! Our family's life is extremely happy and prosperous.


1. ꃪꐯꃪ (vat jjy vat) : The adverb (jjy) is inserted between a reduplicated adjective to intensify its meaning :

2. ꇪꎹꇬꄉ (got shep go da) : the preposition (da) "at, in, from" goes after the place it modifies :

3. ꑘꁨꊖꑣ (nyop bbop za xie) : This is an example of a four-syllable phrase, of which we have seen several so far :

The common characteristics of four-syllable phrases are :

4. ꌶꅉ (ssox dde) : Like the syllable (ddu), the syllable (dde) is an extremely useful noun former. It has the meaning of "place, location",and though it cannot be used in isolation, it can be appended to a verbs and adjectives to form nouns :

Note that single syllable words in the Mid Level tone mutate to the Secondary High tone before (dde). Thus, ꌶꅉ (ssox dde) and ꑋꅉ (nyix dde) from (sso) and (nyi).

5. ꉢꆹ (nga li) : The word (nga) "I" is read in the Secondary High tone, as if written (ngax), before the particle (li). Cf. Lesson 3 Note 6.

6. ꋠꅍꑌꐥ, ꈚꅍꑌꐥ (zze ddu nyi jjo, ggat ddu nyi jjo) : (nyi) "also" can be used in two parallel clauses to mean "both ... and ...".

7. ꅊꇈ (ddep lox) : This particle is used to express either a sense of affirmation that something is the case or hope that something will be the case.

8. ꐥꌒꄻꌒꌦꄉꏽ (jjo sa ddie sa sy da qix) : Literally "happy and fortunate to the point of almost dying".

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